“The fundamental cause of the trouble is that in the modern world the stupid are cocksure while the intelligent are full of doubt.”
– Bertrand Russell
– Bertrand Russell
– Martin Luther King
Will the Democrats finally do so too?
– Jeremy Corbyn in The Guardian (slightly edited for American eyes)
Worth reading the whole thing here.
Just as the religious fundamentalists claim a lock on the truth of Christianity, the Republicans claim a lock on the truth of “patriotism”. I would argue that modern history shows both conjectures to be false, but particularly the later.
The thing is, when I was a kid while the Republicans were the “squares” fighting equality, growing social programs, and being eminently pro-war, they stood strongly on the foundation of our nation being great because we collectively banded together to end the great depression and win against the Nazis. They didn’t want to go back to the Gilded Age, they wanted to go back to the 50’s.
Patriotism and the greatness of our nation wasn’t defined on individualism” or that only certain “entrepreneurs”, “leaders”, or “job creators” made us great (though certainly we had our heroes), but rather the American society together as a whole made us great. That working together “in commons” we could solve the issues that plagued mankind immemorial. We would, as a nation, end poverty, end war, make energy abundant for all, cure the sick, end the drudgery of manual labor, and create a utopia where all would benefit.
That is not to say some would not benefit some more than others – what supposedly made “capitalism” better than “communism” was a degree of competition, but there were boundaries and the majority of the gains were to be in common. We weren’t communist, quite the opposite, but in a truly American way, we coopted what the best from other’s cultures and ideas to make ourselves better. We were willing to have high taxes, help the needy, place limitations for the betterment of all, and let the government work in our name. In doing so, beyond even the depression and WWII, it got us to the moon and held us against the ever expanding Communist threat.
Read the science fiction of the time and the repeated idealized world is one where robots work and there is a shared prosperity leaving all of us free to ponder greater questions, while our robot friends serve us Mint Juleps. The optimism of that “science fiction” has been turned on head today. If one is to look at the Republican platform, we would still have the robots, but those replaced would not share in the prosperity and the government. having not “earned” a cent for the “entrepreneurial class”, would get nothing. The “lazy” displaced, meanwhile, would be unemployed and scrapping for whatever food, shelter, and menial work they could find.
Why? Because they are not the “creators” (or sons/daughters of creators) and therefor have no right to “share” the collective gains. No matter how hard the “parasite class” might work, they do not work hard enough. Not being “leaders” they are not “deserving”.
I would argue this mentality turns the “patriotism” we were brought up with on its very head. We are no longer “one nation united”, but a nation of individuals, with only the individuals who have the wherewithal to reach the top being worthy. Ideas are all that matter, and no matter how many others it takes to make those ideas become reality, directly or indirectly, only those with the ideas deserve the returns. There is no “nationalism”, the core of patriotism, but only individualism. The rest should just come up with their own ideas, even if they are incapable. Even, ironically, if everyone only came up with ideas, there would be no one left to implement them.
Unlike for our parents, America isn’t great because of “Americans” – a cooperative community that stood together and stood for something, but rather just empty jingoism. America is great now simply because it is America. Like grace through faith alone, ultimately empty without deeds. A broken covenant.
And so, in that regards, I would strongly argue the Republicans no longer have a lock on “patriotism”. In fact, their platform is an anathema to the patriotism our fathers believed in, the patriotism that included working together, that included sharing the gains, that even included sharing the hardships.
The Republican agenda is a radical agenda of change from who we were, not a “conservative” agenda, not an agenda that “conserves” the great nation our fathers left us after WWII. Instead it turns it into something else, something uglier, something that isn’t the “America” our parents fought and died for.
In short, they can wave their flags and show their “Don’t tread on my stickers,” (made in China no less) – but they are not the patriots anymore, they are the “anti-Americans”.
– L. E. Edwardson, day city editor of the Chicago Herald and Examiner, 1918
More modernly ala Glenn Greenwald, we would call it “stenography”, but same point.
– Justice Roberts
Look in the mirror. Want to see what a Jew looks like. Look in the mirror. Want to see what the Buddha looks like? Look in the mirror. Want to see what a racist looks like? Look in the mirror. Want to see what an abolitionist looks like? Look in the mirror. Want to see what a Fundamentalist Christian looks like? Look in the mirror. Want to see what an atheist looks like? Look in the mirror. Want to see what a Communist looks like? Look in the mirror. Want to see what a murderer looks like? Look in the mirror. Want to see what a saint looks like? Look in the mirror. Want to see what a Patriot looks like? Look in the mirror. Want to see what a Red Coat looks like. Look in the mirror.
Strip away color and sex, and the list is infinite, both bad and good.
Why do I bring this up? Reading this article on Daily Kos. It says:
I do not think they represent hate, nor love, nor a religion, nor a race, nor a political party, nor a group, nor a club, nor a team, nor anything in particular.
What they do represent is people. What they represent is you and me.
It is a mistake to try to bundle the “bad people” under some label, some characteristic, some defining factor. That is of course is human in itself, but it is part of the problem. We want to bundle people like this so we can make sure we can exclude ourselves.
They are the bad ones. Not us, not me.
That’s wrong. We are all capable of great evil. We are all capable of being Nazis, Confederates, rapists, murderers, torturers, terrorists, bullies, whatever. We are not by some magic different than those people. Our race, our color, our religion (or lack thereof), our politics – none of that protects us from doing evil. From being assholes.
I pride myself in thinking that I am not a racist, that I wouldn’t do the horrible things that our CIA did to so-called terrorists (and perhaps real terrorists). I entertain the fantasy that if I saw someone being brutalized, I would intervene. That if I saw a bully, I would not join in the fun.
And I probably wouldn’t.
However I have no illusion that had I grown up in a different time, a different place, with parents with different attitudes, or made different friends, or maybe even read the wrong books, or saw the wrong movies – maybe I would be the people I hate.
I have no doubt, had I been born in Germany with perhaps a father who admired Adolf Hitler and a culture that railed against Jews at every opportunity that I too might have become a Nazi. I would certainly hope not, but I’d be a fool to think I couldn’t.
The point is, we all have the capacity for evil, as we also do for good.
And there is the crux of the problem – we think we are doing good, when it is evil. After all the Nazis, as evil as we know they were, did not think they were being evil. They did not pray to the “great god Satan”, nor did they giggle to themselves on how horrible they were being, nor did they cackle with “bru-ha-ha-ha” when no one was listening.
They thought themselves doing good. Just as the Communists who sent their brethren to the camps. Just as the Southerners who fought to preserve slavery.
No one who is doing evil believes they are doing evil. We all believe, or find a way to convince ourselves, that we are the “good guys” and they are the “bad guys”. The Muslim Fundamentalists slaughtering children, they don’t think they are doing evil. They think they are doing God’s will. As do the drone pilots who’s missiles kill innocents everyday (and the politicians who order it, and the public that supports it).
So stop propping yourself by comparison. Stop patting yourself on the back for your luck.
You really don’t want to be evil? Don’t forget that like the rest of us, you are evil.
To quote Walt Kelly:
Or Simon Wiesenthal:
(more on that topic here).
Teeing off my prior post, we need to forget progressive taxation as simply a moral issue (those who can afford the most, pay the most). Progressive taxes, taxes that even get seemingly punitive on the high end, should be viewed as critical to democracy itself.
In the same way that we have “separation of powers” and “checks and balances” encoded into our Constitution to protect against the subversion of the state by one branch, we need taxes to protect against subversion of the state by monied interests. What the combination of the post war years and the relaxation of taxation starting in the 80’s have proved, is that money and power go hand in hand. If too much money is collected in some hands, the balance of power leans, creating a slope in one direction – to those already with money.
Subsequently, it is critical to enforce, artificially if necessary through taxes, a more level playing field. It is true this may stymie innovation, but lets face it – what makes people happier in the end: a roof over their head or an iPhone?
Having grown up in the turmoil of the 70’s, as bad as it was, it wasn’t nearly as bad as today (that is, Americans for the most part were happier). We may have more toys and infinite “entertainment”, but in reality most of us both lack any assets or in many cases our dignity. The dog-eat-dog, winner take all, materialism of modern society has bankrupted not only our bank accounts, but in many cases, our souls.
When Reagan came to power the argument behind his “supply side” (tinkle down) economy was that it would benefit the middle-class the most. Whether this was cynical from the start (ie: those proposing it knew it was a load of crap), I don’t know. However it was at least a fair argument.
However, as the policies (particularly tax) consistently have favored those with power/money, so has power/money shifted their way, definitively answering the question of whether these policies benefit the middle class the most – they do not.
However in light of these obvious failures, the original argument has been forgotten. It is no longer what benefits the middle class the most, but instead now what is “most moral”, where “most moral” is now said to be “who deserves it the most”. Of course curiously the “most deserving” are those who have the most (in fact, by definition those who have the most, deserve it the most, otherwise they wouldn’t have it!)(conversely if you don’t have it, you must not be deserving – Catch 22!).
If one really wants to get into morality (and I think a certain man/deity who died on a cross would agree), the obvious answer to the argument of what is “most moral” is what benefits the most people. That is, what policies will ensure the most people will be fed, have a roof over their head, have reasonable health care, and be able to retire/die with dignity. Maybe those policies are to be found in Reaganomics or Libertarianism or Objectivism, but from what I can see not only in practice, but even in theory, that is not the aim of these policies (ideologies?).
So, if we want to have the argument again about what is best for the middle class, I’d be happy. It would be a huge step forward. In the meantime we seem to be having separate arguments but viewing them as the same. The liberals are looking for policies that benefit the most numbers, the conservatives, the most deserving. Those are two very different ends and are not ultimately interchangeable.